- China plans to launch a Digital Yuan, to become the first country in the world to offer a digital sovereign currency.
- The testing of crypto wallets in China has gained momentum in recent times.
- Testing is going to witness a bigger manifestation at the Beijing Winter Olympics in 2022.
More than 80% of smartphone users in China make transactions on their devices, as per a report by UBS Group AG, and that boasts of one of the highest rates in the world. On January 8, China-based blockchain security firm Peckshield published its “2019 Global Digital Asset AML Research Report,” enlisting many significant crypto trends throughout the year. As per the study, cryptocurrency-based capital flight generated from China was around $11.4 billion in 2019.
The government has been eyeing to boost its growth through smart economic strategies for quite some time now. Seeing the trend, the Chinese government has decided to launch a pilot program for an official digital version of its currency. This has been met with mixed reactions, and the possibility of various outcomes has triggered widespread speculation among experts. On Thursday, 21st Century Business Herald revealed that major state-run commercial banks of china are carrying large-scale internal testing of a cryptocurrency wallet application.
Yuan in its Digital Avatar
As per a Bloomberg Businessweek report, the programmed testing of Centralized Bank Digital Currency (CBDC), began in April on a limited scale in locations like Shenzhen, Suzhou, Chengdu, and Xiong’an. China’s central bank, the People’s Bank of China (PBoC), has been exploring the possibility of a test run and has reached out to private companies for the same.
The country has been bullish about its plans to launch a Digital Yuan, to become the first country in the world to offer a digital sovereign currency. To keep up with the same objective, this testing is going to witness a bigger manifestation at the Beijing Winter Olympics in 2022. It may be worth mentioning here that some other countries which are testing a CBDC include the likes of Sweden, The Bahamas, France, The Philipines, Japan, Turkey, and Switzerland.
Behind the Scenes
As per a report by the Financial Times, the (PBoC) reportedly plans to use its CBDC project- the digital currency electronic payment System (DCEP)- to curb the monopoly of the digital payments market shares held by tech giants Tencent and Alibaba. With elaborate testing underway, the PBoC is likely to curb the dominance of the companies’ online payment platforms — Alipay and WeChat Pay — and create a level playing field for commercial banks.
The Bigger Picture
Has the ongoing pandemic got anything to do with this push towards a digital currency? Certainly, feel most experts. But will this move reinforce China’s economic supremacy over global competitors? Recently, the U.S. Senate Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Subcommittee on Economic Policy highlighted the need for a Digital Dollar as a response to China’s growing economic influence.
With Facebook still tight-lipped about the launch of Libra-its digital currency, the speculations are rife about which country makes the mark first. To sum up, as Asheesh Birla, senior VP, Ripple, pointed out in his tweet, “It’s only a matter of time before payments in Asia (and beyond) look drastically different, likely heavily influenced by China.”